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Lisbon’s trams are an integral part of the public transport network, and cover many of the areas of the city where there is no access to the metro.
Along with the main public transport routes, there is a selection of tourist tram tours, but these are significantly more expensive. This article will provide an introduction to Lisbon's tram network, including details of fares, timetables and other useful tourist information.
Related articles: The Belem district – The Alfama district – Top 10 Lisbon
The following is a summary of the each of the tram routes in Lisbon and why you would want to ride them.
28E – Martim Moniz to Campo Ourique (Prazeres)
This is the classic tram route through the Alfama, Baixa and Chiado districts, and connects the eastern and western sides of central Lisbon. The route passes through many of the historic areas of the Lisbon, and you will want to ride this route during your stay in Lisbon. E28 tram guide.
15E - Praça Figueira to Algés
The number 15 tram route connects central Lisbon (Baixa district) to the Belem district, and passes the Lxfactory and the Santo Amaro Docks. This is the best way for you to travel from central Lisbon to Belem. E15 tram guide.
Warning: Highly skilled pickpockets operate along this route, always be careful with valuables
12E - Praça Figueira to Praça Figueira (Alfama loop)
This is a one direction loop (clockwise) through the Baixa, Graça and Alfama districts, which follows much of the 28E route. This is a good alternative to the 28E if you are just after a tram ride experience.
24E - Praça Luis Camões to Campolide
Connects the Chiado district with the Príncipe Real district. This route is useful if you wish to explore Príncipe Real, as you can be dropped off at the northern end (near Rato metro) and then walk southernly through Príncipe Real. This is also the quietest route which uses the Remodelado trams.
18E - Cais do Sodré to Belem
This route follows the 15E route and provides extra capacity for the busiest section, between Cais do Sodré to Belem. This route used to connect Cais do Sodré to the Ajuda Palace, but extended repair work means the route has been permanently altered. To travel to the Ajuda Palace catch the 18E bus.
25E - Martim Moniz to Campo Ourique (Prazeres)
Connects the Baixa district to Estrela, and passes through the Lapa district and Cais do Sodré. This is the route least used by visitors, but provides an alternative route to Estrela and passes through some of the most affluent neighbourhoods of Lisbon.
Insight: The Lisbon tram routes are given a number with a proceeding E which stands for “eléctrico”.
Insider Tip: The E28 is one of the best tours of Lisbon but is standing room only between 10am-6pm. The best way to get a seat is to board the tram at either of the departure locations at Martim Moniz to Campo Ourique.
All of Lisbon’s trams and buses are operated by Carris and the fare system covers all tram routes.
A single tram ticket purchased onboard the tram costs €3.00. On the Articulado trams, tickets are purchased from the on-board ticket machines while on the older Remodelado they are bought from the driver.
Purchasing a ticket on the tram is more difficult than it sounds, both types of trams are always very crowded, and on the Articulado tram, the ticket machine needs exact change.
The tram is an important part of Lisbon’s public transport network and the operational hours reflect the importance of each route. For the 15E and 28E, the services start early in the day (7am) and continue late into the night (11pm) with at least four hourly departures.
The 12E continues until 8pm, while the E18 routes finishes after the evening rush hours and does not run on Sundays. The 25E is the most limited, as it does not even operate at the weekends… The exact timetables can be seen on the Carris website:
No other city in Europe employs such old trams as the Remodelado trams, which originally date from the 1930s. The reason why they still operate in Lisbon is that the streets are too tight for longer trams, and too undulating for multiple bogie vehicles.
Most normal tram routes have shallow or no inclines, with wide turns and plenty of space, but not in Alfama! The tram tracks in Alfama are the world's steepest, while the turning circle of the single carriage only just miss the edges of the ancient overhanging buildings.
When the entire tram network was upgraded in the 1990s, only the 15E route could be switched to modern trams. As part of the project, it was deemed more appropriate to upgrade the historic trams with new engines, brakes and electronics; hence the trams were re-modelled (Portuguese Remodelado).